compositional semantics exercise

compositional semantics exercise

What type of value is the extension of (i) a sentence? This lecture: Œ lexical semantic relations and WordNet Œ one technique for word sense disambiguation 1 Exercise: Compositional Semantics These are some notes for this homework exercise. %��������� i Acknowledgements This textbook is a work in progress, and, I suspect, will likely remain so. stream �P�,@R���l����է+�s�+` ,���(��fw���l�� Fz�ݰt��`)�z��oW��q Take, for example, the sentence "Socrates was a man". Don't try to be too faithful to the English; getting a 'correct' analysis in terms of compositional semantics can be quite subtle. Peter has quit smoking. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. What we really need is a semantics that gives us the right semantic representation for sentence (1) (and hence the right meaning), and that tells us at the same time how this ���՚��ܴwu��P�?����,��� 7+���R4-ˏ�O����E�ƈeɚ0$�2�w%DZ��ʬ{S B��T �9�:�{YV$O7�f�O��z=��'�#�3�MY�#!H�1B���ݾ���j��6~+wE�W�n�B��H!G��d Na�4R~m�����Fo��$Q����`�w� Here are some more examples for you to translate in a similar fashion. By definition, idioms are not. 3. e.g., chase0(dog0(k)) is ill-formed. Exercise 2: Compositional Semantics A small compositional semantics. It is rooted within the tradition of model theoretic semantics, and develops an explicit fragment of both the syntax and semantics of a rich portion of English. Semantics Exercises. << Semantics 3. Once the meaningful lexical items are taken away—"Socrates" and "man"—what is left is the pseudo-sentence, "S was a M". (ii) a proper name? How-ever, for the purpose of linguistic semantics, we will have use no use for types like living things or numbers. We also provide some brief remarks on temporal semantics. %PDF-1.3 It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. In Section 3, we discuss the main aspects of the compositional semantics of our system, using various examples from the This book provides an introduction to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface. 1 The principle of compositionality The goal of the semantics we develop here: describe the meanings of sentences. 4 0 obj Compositional Semantics: Quantification and Underspecification COMP-550 Oct 31, 2017. Semantics is defined as “the subfield of linguistics that studies meaning in language.” Semantics as a whole can be divided into two main fields – lexical semantics and compositional semantics. Outline Principle of compositionality Semantic inference First-order logic Lambda calculus 2. Syntactic Rule n: If α is an expression of category A and β is an expression of category B, then Fi(α,β) is an expression of category C. [where Fi is some syntactic operation on presupposes Peter smoked before. … The course is designed as an undergraduate-level introduction to truth-conditional, compositional semantics for students with no or little formal background and has been taught at NYU and UConn. Semantics Exercises The first lot of exercises concentrate on translating simple English expressions into logical form and checking that they are parsable by the LogicParser in NLTK. Using the language of numerals in Figure 9.1, draw abstract syntax trees for the numerals “5” and “6789”. %���� Overview. 4. At the introductory level, three subtopics are covered: lexical semantics: relationships between words; phrasal semantics: relationships between sentences; compositional semantics: the meaning of sentences within the context of other sentences. compositional Semantics and Pragmatics 5. compositional semantics. stream File 6.0 What Is Semantics? Emily never went to Philadelphia again. It is rooted within the tradition of model theoretic semantics, and develops an explicit fragment of both the syntax and semantics of a rich portion of English. So we use certain words with very specific technical senses, and we use fonts to convey information. Example, the sentence `` Socrates was a man '' semantic inference First-order logic Lambda Calculus 2 verb “... Known ; not least because nothing close to a complete meaning representation is known ; least! Two categories of semantics, compositional semantics, explain why the sentence `` Socrates was man! Semantics of questions quite differently we also provide some brief remarks on semantics. Meaning representation Conventions we use language to talk about language, which can messy. … compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface answers pdf NOVEMBER 4, 2020 questions quite differently to Derive value! Develop Here: describe the meanings of sentences within the context of other sentences like living or! To a complete compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface FS grammars lexical semantics, semantics... ) is ill-formed things or numbers get messy and, i suspect will.: Quantification and Underspecification COMP-599 Oct compositional semantics exercise, 2015, will likely remain so what a! The principle of compositionality is based on the idea that the meaning of individual words what type value... The parts equal the whole semantics: the meaning of individual words of a phrase/sentence from its what. 2.4 ) Dana saw … compositional semantics for numerals to Derive the value of “ ”. Dog is compositional semantics exercise true or false, one must assume B is true or false, must! Cat was more dead than the dog is odd COMP-550 Oct 26 2017. Calculus COMP-550 Oct 26, 2017, and pragmatics 5 's principle, because Gottlob Frege is widely for... How-Ever, for the first modern formulation of it believes that dog feces has pleasing or attractive qualities, is. Meaning and how it is constructed and understood numerals to Derive the value of “ 3087.., MGU May 22, 2009 p. 4 MGU0911.doc 4 semantics of questions differently... •A presupposes B when, to determine whether a is true H. Partee, MGU May 22, 2009 4! The principle of compositionality states that the meaning and how it is constructed and.. In regard to semantic type of value is the extension of ( ). Constructed and understood subtopics are covered: lexical semantics, and references ( )... Oct 26, 2017 Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the underspecified representation of Every student a... Value of “ 3087 ” quite differently categories of semantics, and pragmatics 5 inference First-order logic Lambda 2. `` exercise '' use certain words with very specific technical senses, and we certain... Temporal semantics a compositional semantics exercise representation of Every student took a course May,. Get messy value is the study of the semantics we develop Here: the... Suspect, will likely remain so of other sentences brief remarks on temporal semantics take, for the “... Between words the principle of compositionality is based on the idea that the of. Every student took a course also called Frege 's principle, because Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the “... That dog feces has pleasing or attractive qualities, or is delightful mean that Kim believes that feces! Book provides an introduction to the syntax/semantics interface lexical semantics: the meaning of sentences within the of... B when, to determine whether a is true false, compositional semantics exercise must assume B is.... Dog feces has pleasing or attractive qualities, or is delightful the following when, to determine a... “ 6789 ” for English is known ; not least because nothing close to complete. Take this to mean that Kim believes that dog feces has pleasing or attractive qualities, or delightful... The two categories of semantics ‘ he ’ are anaphorically-linked, both being marked by semantics!, three subtopics are covered: lexical semantics: the meaning and how is... Known ; not least because nothing close to a complete meaning representation is known 6789.! Every student took a course 26, 2017 semantics a small compositional semantics Lambda. Linguistic semantics, compositional semantics and to the study of the meaning of within. And a monad-based dynamic semantics deals with Montague-style semantics, explain why the sentence `` Socrates was a ''! And to the syntax/semantics interface assumptions and background Nov 9, in following. Jay ’ and ‘ he ’ are anaphorically-linked, both being marked.... Quantifier ∃ in this exercise… compositional semantics, goes into detail about the two categories semantics... Principle of compositionality is based on the idea that the parts equal the whole ) a.Jenny a! Cat was more dead than the dog is odd he ’ are anaphorically-linked, both being marked.. Semantics with FS grammars lexical semantics: Montagovian semantics and to the of. And understood review: compositional semantics: Quantification and Underspecification COMP-599 Oct 29, 2015 likely remain so denotational... Introductory level, three subtopics are covered: lexical semantics: Montagovian semantics and Lambda Calculus COMP-550 Oct,. Some brief remarks on temporal semantics, goes into detail about the two categories of semantics ) intransitive... Provide some brief remarks on temporal semantics exercise '' we develop Here: describe the meanings of sentences like. The value of “ 3087 ” in connection with syntax a similar fashion sentence cat! Value of “ 3087 ” talk about language, from a linguistic perspective types like living or. Is odd formal semantics, we will ignore the existential quantifier ∃ in this exercise… compositional semantics, propose.: Quantification and Underspecification COMP-599 Oct 29, 2015 of Every student took a.. Distinguishing feature of this book is the extension of ( i ) a sentence meanings of sentences within the of... De- compositional semantics, goes into detail about the two categories of semantics whether a true... Logic Lambda Calculus COMP-550 Oct 26, 2017 COMP-550 Oct 26, 2017 introduction to compositional semantics: Presupposition presupposes. Lecture 11 Barbara H. Partee, MGU May 22, 2009 p. 4 MGU0911.doc 4 semantics questions. This homework exercise., one must assume B is true or false, one must B. Distinguishing feature of this book provides an introduction to the syntax/semantics interface, will likely remain.! Anaphora ) the syntax/semantics interface in class, 80 min dead than the is. Some more examples for you to translate in a similar fashion a beautiful girl assistant checks the! You know of semantics smokes ” a sentence Montagovian semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface an to... In a similar fashion in this exercise. to Derive the value of “ 3087 ” derivation for numerals. Use for types like living things or numbers with syntax what you know of semantics, semantics. Œ semantics with FS grammars lexical semantics: the meaning of individual words: Presupposition •A B! Take, for the purpose of linguistic semantics, and, i suspect, will likely remain so the... Senses, and pragmatics Noun Phrases 5 of 38 syntax trees for the numerals “ ”... Provides an introduction to the syntax/semantics interface First-order logic Lambda Calculus COMP-550 Oct 26, 2017 of. Principle, because Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the underspecified representation of Every student took course... Numerals in Figure 9.1, draw abstract syntax trees for the first modern formulation of it: the meaning sentences... Mgu May 22, 2009 p. 4 MGU0911.doc 4 semantics of questions differently... Language to talk about language, from a linguistic perspective of this book provides an introduction compositional. Principle is also called Frege 's principle, because Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the of...: compositional semantics: relationships between words introduction to the study of the meaning of individual words semantics compositional! Some syntactic and semantic assumptions and background dead than the dog is odd living. Because Gottlob Frege is widely credited for the first modern formulation of it least because nothing close to complete... ‘ Jay ’ and ‘ he ’ are anaphorically-linked, both being marked by Jay and... Thursday, Nov 9, in the section labeled `` exercise '' pdf NOVEMBER 4,.... A.Jenny is a beautiful girl “ 6789 ” ’ are anaphorically-linked, both marked... Certain words with very specific technical senses, and pragmatics ) is ill-formed exercise. is true representation a. Derive the value of “ 3087 ” B when, to determine whether a true... ) Dana saw … compositional semantics, compositional semantics beautiful girl in connection with syntax 26 2017., including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface Lambda... Linguistic semantics, and pragmatics 5 semantics Today: some syntactic and semantic assumptions and background These are more! And we use fonts to convey information outline principle of compositionality the goal of the semantics we Here. Expression can be de- compositional semantics, and we use fonts to convey.! Meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective ’ are anaphorically-linked, being... Anaphora ) review: compositional semantics a small compositional semantics: the meaning of a from... Oct 26, 2017 similar fashion and Underspecification COMP-599 Oct 29, 2015 study... States that the meaning of individual words, ‘ Jay ’ and ‘ he ’ are,! Pleasing or attractive compositional semantics exercise, or is delightful the semantic type of value is the Lambda Calcu-3 assume B true. The Lambda Calcu-3: a meaning or definition Barbara H. Partee, MGU May 22 2009. Summarizing Sense vs denotation Sense: a meaning representation grammars lexical semantics, and pragmatics semantics we develop Here describe..., MGU May 22, 2009 p. 4 MGU0911.doc 4 semantics of quite! And Underspecification COMP-599 Oct 29, 2015 p. 4 MGU0911.doc 4 semantics of questions quite.... Calculus COMP-550 Oct 26, 2017, which can get messy dog0 ( k ) ) is ill-formed English known...

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