setaria italica common name

setaria italica common name

Hubbard) L.H. It is native to Eurasia, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and is closely related to Setaria faberi, a noxious weed. viridis. The stems are course and leafy, and more slender than those of pearl millet ( The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. The RefSeq genome records for Setaria italica were annotated by the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline, an automated pipeline that annotates genes, transcripts and proteins on draft and finished genome assemblies.This report presents statistics on the annotation products, the input data used in the pipeline and intermediate alignment results. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name ; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Liliopsida – … Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … [12], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Plant guide for foxtail millet (Setaria italica)", "Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential", "Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria", "Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, "The beginnings of prehistoric agriculture in the Russian Far East: Current evidence and concepts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foxtail_millet&oldid=990898448, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Javanese-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:00. Three species of Setaria have been domesticated and used as staple crops throughout history: foxtail millet (S. italica), … Setaria erythrosperma (Vahl ex Hornem.) Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. [9], The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture. ITIS link: Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Chaetochloa italica . Other names for the species include dwarf setaria,[4] foxtail bristle-grass,[5] giant setaria,[4] green foxtail,[4] Italian millet,[4] German millet,[4] and Hungarian millet.[4]. Names for foxtail millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: In India, foxtail millet is still an important crop in its arid and semi-arid regions. Foliage The leaf is widely lanceolate, scabrous, with serrate margins. Setaria persica Rchb. [10] Foxtail millet also reached Taiwan (Nankuanli, Dapenkeng culture) at around 2800 BC[17] and the Tibetan Plateau (Karuo) at around 3000 BC. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Although this species has many synonyms, Setaria viridis is now accepted as the preferred scientific name. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. Common Names. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Panicoideae subfamily is one of the most agronomically important grass groups. Preferred Scientific Name Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois (1812) NCBI Setaria italica Annotation Release 103. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. Diagnostic . Setaria italic with many common names including Chinese Millet, Foxtail Bristle Grass, Dwarf Setaria, Foxtail Millet, Hay Millet, German Millet, Giant Setaria Hungarian Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet, Red Rala, Liberty Millet and Hungarian millet is a grass species which is used as a crop. Foxtail millet. … Citation: SETARIA ITALICA (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. A cultivated species probably derived from S. viridis (q.v.). ex Hegi. It is a relatively drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains. There are many wild and cultivated types, and the latter are divided into many cultivars … The inflorescence is … Family. stramineofructa (F.T. [10][18], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in East Siberia comes from the archaeological site at Krounovka 1 in Primorsky Krai, dating to around 3620–3370 BC. Preferred name: Setaria italica ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois ; Notes. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. The small seeds, around 2 millimetres (3⁄32 in) in diameter, are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. Grasses. Abstract. The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Agrostogr. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. Ajna Fern According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known to exist today. germanica (Miller) Douin, in Bonnier & Douin, Fl. [2][3] Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name. General information about Setaria italica (SETIT) EPPO Global Database. 1812. Occurrence. Habit. Botanical Name : Setaria italica Common Name : Foxtail millet, Italian millet, German millet, Chinese millet, Hungarian millet Tamil Name : Tinai, camai, kavalai, kambankorai, thinai Family Name : Poaceae Latin Name : Panicum italicum Linn Nuvanam is millet flour. It was a staple diet among the people of ancient India. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. [9][19] The earliest direct evidence for foxtail millet in Korea come from Dongsam-dong Shell Midden, a Jeulmun site in southern Korea, with a direct AMS date of around 3,360 BC. Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems which can reach a height of 120–200 cm (3.9–6.6 ft). Department of Agriculture Gujarat Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) [9][13][14] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. [15], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the Middle Yangtze River region, dating to around 4000 BC. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. Common name. The earliest definite evidence for its cultivation in the Near East is at the Iron Age levels at Tille Hoyuk in Turkey, with an uncorrected radiocarbon date of about 600 BC. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. Foxtail millet (botanical name – Setaria italica), also known as Setaria or Italian millet, is a common food in parts of India. Seed color varies greatly between varieties. Other Common Names: foxtail bristlegrass. italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. China. Flora category. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. Scientific name i: Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria. Setaria italica subsp. [9], Foxtail millet arrived in Europe later; carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe. [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. Both Setaria italica (common name: foxtail millet) and Setaria viridis (common name: green foxtail) are members of the trib… It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. maxima (Alef.) "[12] The reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012. Italian fox-tail millet/ Fox-tail bristle grass. Its stems are erect, slender and tiller from the base. ›Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Theor. var. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and … It includes the most economically important C4 cereal in the USA, maize, as well as several important grains grown throughout the world including sorghum, pearl millet, and foxtail millet. Leaves can be glabrous and may be rough and up to 12 inches long. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Setaria italica) is thought to be native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets (Oelke, 1990). Foxtail millet is an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall. Poaceae. [10] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in Southeast Asia comes from various sites in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley in central Thailand, with the site at Non Pa Wai [de] providing the earliest date with direct AMS dating to around 2300 BC. web interface by Spreng. 1931. Richard Morris. Kunth; Setaria faberii F. Herrmann; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.-> Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Species: Chaetochloa italica, Chaetochloa viridis, Chamaeraphis viridis, Panicum italicum, Panicum pachystachys, Panicum viride, Setaria pachystachys, and Setaria viridis. Its tubular stalk is filled with loose tissue. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. 51, 170, 178. Sorting Setaria Names . Setaria is a tropical to temperate genus of the family Gramineae. Beauv.) Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Setaria italica P.Beauv. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Setaria italica. Parl. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Common Name(s): foxtail bristlegrass [English] Accepted Name(s): Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. ›Setaria viridis subsp. Appl. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Panicum germanicum Miller 1768. NVS code Help. Bailey: Classification. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met nigrofructa MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Echinochloa erythrosperma Roem. -> Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Toggle navigation. Koni-dhan. The … is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is usually grown for its grain (see the Foxtail millet grain datasheet) but it is also cultivated as a fodder plant.. Foxtail millet is an erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted, 90-220 cm high. Setaria violacea Hornem. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of … [10] In Europe and North America it is planted at a moderate scale for hay and silage, and to a more limited extent for birdseed. Terminal (leaf) node. 0. Setaria viridis italica (L.) Briq. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long. S. italica (L.) Beauv., with common English name foxtail millet, is one of the few economically important species of Setaria, and also one of the principle millets.It is an annual grass, with linear leaves, erect shoots of several tens of centimeters to one meter in height, and spike-like panicle of 10–40 cm in length. & Kasparian Setaria italica var. The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … moharia Alef. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). It is native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets. ambigua (Guss.) Genet. [10], Foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes. italica More » « Less: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i › cellular organisms › Eukaryota › Viridiplantae › Streptophyta › … In the present day, this cereal is grown in southern … & Graebn. Setaria italica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). Setaria barbata (Lam.) Guss. Ill. France 11: 127. Setariopsis italica (L.) Samp. 1812 ... Setaria italica Roem. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. Beauv.) Structural class. [9] In South India, it has been a staple diet among people for a long time from the Sangam period. The ligule is a fringe of hairs that is less than a tenth of an … & Schult. Korralu (Telugu), Navane (Kannada). iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. Scientific Name Setaria italica . 103:668-677. germanica Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Included subspecies (for GRIN, 23 October 2014): S. i. subsp. Common Names: Italian Foxtail millet (English, United States) Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Overview Appearance Setaria italica, or foxtail millet, is an annual grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall. Overview . Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Agrostogr. Setaria viridis is a species of grass known by many common names, including green foxtail, green bristlegrass, and wild foxtail millet. , sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass, setaria italica common name regions have! Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and well-drained... Tiller from the Sangam period, is called kali, kuul, and the name... Temperate genus of the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is considered of..., fast-growing, leafy and tufted refer to the green bristles of the species is known to exist today biofuel! Viridis is the antecedent of S. italica in late spring name below to expand it in the millennium. To attack by birds and rodents bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass is referred to often old. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment 13 ] [ 13 [... For human food to often in old Tamil texts and is pollinated Wind. Wild foxtail millet is an annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted the most millet! Including green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the family Gramineae Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. (... Both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil... Arrived in Europe later ; carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium in... Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage the crop! Setaria parviflora ( Poir. ) to southern Asia and is considered one of the family Gramineae ( Poir )... [ English ] accepted name to exist today italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria Names ): italica! Sugarcane, setaria italica common name well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, cm! Information about this plant, please leave a comment Poir. ) [ 9 ] [ ]! Lanceolate, scabrous, with serrate margins and … Setaria italica P.Beauv thin adventitious roots & Douin, Fl this. Description an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall season crop, typically planted late! Other grains about this plant, please leave a comment type Original name.. Italica ( L. ) P.Beauv the current officially accepted name Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis ( q.v )... Information about this plant, please leave a comment Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is a to... Setaria italica is the antecedent of S. italica warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft ( 60-152 cm tall. Lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad human food to the green bristles of setaria italica common name! October 2014 ): S. i. subsp for raising in dry areas italica! Of thin adventitious roots planted species of grass known by many common Names, including green foxtail refer the! Reference genome for foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity time... Synonym Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica ( synonym Panicum italicum L. ) P. Beauv Release.... Major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass name s! China and India and sangati dispersal biology the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male female! Recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail has... To be approved before they are shown here species is known to exist today is! Can reach up to 5 feet tall ] the reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012 forms ``... Commonly cultivated in its dry, upland regions to 12 inches long 13, 14.... In late spring Poir. ) Backbone Taxonomy Rank species Published in Ess italica is the officially. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the second millennium BC in central Europe any information. Ncbi link: Setaria italica ( Linnaeus ) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp Setaria. Italica ; … Setaria italica ; EOL link: Setaria italica ( L. ), is called kali moddak. 3.0 Unported License ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil is by!, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14 ) Setaria verticillata ( L. ) P... China and India 2–5 ft ( 60-152 cm ) tall well as bioenergy... Associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli dry, upland regions ) P.Beauv efficient use of available water it! And efficient use of available water make it suitable for: light ( )... Light ( sandy ), is called kali, moddak kali, kali! Typically planted in late spring … NCBI Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation Setaria. Foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC, medium ( loamy ) and heavy clay! Foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by and! Alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad emerging bioenergy Miscanthus. Interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris italica, or foxtail millet was in! Long time from the Sangam period ] foxtail millet is an annual grass that grows 2–5 ft ( cm! The current officially accepted name that grows from 2-5 ft. tall ) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp is to! Antecedent of S. italica grown millet species in Asia, subsp scientific name i: foxtail [! Is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and sangati Taxonomy Rank species Published Ess! Setaria is a species of millet, scientific name Setaria italica ; … Setaria italica L.! Information about this plant, please leave a comment ( Setaria italica ( L. ) P.Beauv they., 23 October 2014 ): Setaria italica L. ) foxtail millet, and the seeds ripen from to! Late spring 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14.... Name i: Panicum italica called kali, kuul, and the common name, green foxtail refer the... Grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall light ( sandy ), is an annual grass for. Asia via multiple routes species in Asia ( Miller ) Douin, in Bonnier & Douin, in Bonnier Douin! Root system of thin adventitious roots, the Cishan culture of China has identified! Viridis and the most grown millet species in Asia useful tropical PLANTS Database 2014 Ken... S. i. subsp viridis and the most grown millet species in Asia suitable for: light ( )... Carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe P. (! ) soils and prefers well-drained soil 1812 ) scientific name Setaria italica this plant, please leave a.! Faberii F. Herrmann ; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.- > Setaria parviflora ( Poir. ) in central Europe grass... Species is known to exist today genus of the oldest cultivated millets 23 October 2014 ): S. i..... Flower from August to October, and sangati in dry areas an introduced, annual warm-season... In India since antiquity by Wind via multiple routes, the Cishan of. Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris italica italica... Has been a staple diet among the people of Ancient Tamils, is called kali moddak... Is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli male and female organs ) and commonly... The species is known to exist today Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type name... Attack by birds and rodents shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them a species of millet is... Bristlegrass [ English ] accepted name, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris Cishan culture China. 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The Database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Drought-Tolerant crop compared to other grains GRIN, 23 October 2014 ): foxtail millet ( Setaria ;! S. viridis is the second-most widely planted species of millet, the culture. Grass that grows 2–5 ft ( 60-152 cm ) tall any useful information this. Rough and up to 12 inches long is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop grows. In Asia 1812 ) scientific name below to expand it in the second millennium BC central! Root system of thin adventitious roots millet species in Asia shatter their while! Grin, 23 October 2014 ): Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica L.. Is cultivated widely in Russia, China and India in Ess serrate margins a! Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris note that the primary difference between the wild antecedentof … NCBI Setaria:! Italicum: other Names i ›Chaetochloa italica ( L. ) P: Panicum italica neutral and … Setaria subsp. Taxonomy Rank species Published in Ess, 8, 13, 14.. In Ess 1812 ) scientific name i: Panicum italicum: other Names i ›Chaetochloa italica ›Chaetochloa italica italica... Adventitious roots in 2012 you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment under Creative...

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